When combined with an even older medium like music, photography played a role in black liberation in South Africa explains Chimurenga publisher Ntone Edjabe:
If you look at the South African record covers of the 70s, for instance, the black consciousness jazz records, you get immediately the kind of liberatory spirit and mood that was beyond that. But you couldn't write that stuff. So you will put it all into an image kinda spiritual... of someone seeking freedom. For example, Winston Mankunku's "Yakhal Inkomo" record, he is sitting there: black man looking into the horizon... cigarette smoke and he is so strong. That kind of image of a black person? Then the record came out in 1968. You couldn't publish the image of a black person so dignified and so strong in the media - he did not look like a victim.